Background: Iron deficiency anemia is common in patients on maintenance hemodialysis
(HD). Serum ferritin is increased in HD patients. Vitamin C supplementation has shown
to improve functional iron deficiency and anemia in HD patients.
Objectives: In this study we aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin C supplementation on
serum ferritin level.
Patients and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 39 HD patients were randomly
assigned to receive routine therapy with (n=24) or without (n=15) vitamin C 500 mg IV
twice a week after each dialysis session for 2 months. Changes in serum ferritin, iron, total
iron-binding capacity (TIBC) and transferrin saturation (TS) before and after treatment
were measured in each group.
Results: Serum ferritin levels before treatment in case and control groups were 1859±1398.5
and 2567.5±1907.8 ng/mL which was significantly decreased to 1084.8±727.9 and
1313.5±1151.5 ng/mL, respectively (P=0.006 and P=0.007). Serum iron, TIBC and TS
did not change significantly in each group after treatment. Comparing the mean changes
in serum ferritin, iron, TIBC and TS, there was no significant difference between groups.
Conclusions: Vitamin C had no effects on serum ferritin, iron and TS.