Background: Kidney transplant is a fair option for treatment of a chronic renal failure.
Although the outcome and results of kidney transplant are good, it may be associated with
some complications. One of the important complications is urinary infection.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of early removal of the catheter
in renal transplant patients on the reduction of urinary tract infections.
Patients and Methods: This study was conducted as a clinical trial. Around 88 transplanted
patients were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups. In the first group, the
patients were taken 3 days after the transplant, and in the second group, patients were
removed 7 days after the Foley catcher transplant. Urine culture was performed on two
occasions. Then, the patients’ data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: After examination of urine and analyzing the results with t test, it showed that
infection of urine in the time of removal of urethral catheter was lower than 7 days after
removing urethral catheter (P<0.05). In patients in whom catheter of urethral had been
removed 3 days after the operation, approximately urinary tract infection (UTI) was 50%
less than those in whom urethral catheter was removed 7 days after the operation.
Conclusions: Early removal of catheter has fundamental effects on UTI after kidney
transplant and it seems that early removal of urethral catheter may be safe and reasonable
in renal transplant of the recipient patient.