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J Nephropathol. 2012;1(3): 164-169.
doi: 10.5812/nephropathol.8114
PMID: 24475410
PMCID: PMC3886157
Scopus ID: 84874909779
  Abstract View: 1716
  PDF Download: 775

Original Article

Human leukocyte antigen variation among Iranian renal transplant recipients

Behzad Einollahi 1, Zohreh Rostami 1 * , Mojtaba Teimoori 1

1 Nephrology and Urology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding author: Dr. Zohreh Rostami. Nephrology and Urology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Tel: +982181262073, Fax: +982188067114, rostami@numonthly.com

Abstract

Background: HLA typing analysis is important in renal transplant patients.

Objectives: We made a plan to determine the most frequent HLA antigens in Iranian kidney transplant patients.

Patients and Methods: In a retrospective cross sectional study, HLA patterns were defined in 512 kidney transplant recipients (67% male and 33% female) from different transplant centers of Tehran, Iran between 2008 and 2011 by microcytotoxicity assay.

Results: The studies samples were of different ethnic groups of the Iranian kidney transplants. Considerable variations were observed in each HLA sub class. A2, A1, A3, A24 and A26 were the most frequent HLA-A antigens. Among HLA-B, the predominant antigens were B35; B13, B15, B13 and B18. The most frequent HLA-DR antigens were DR 4, DR11, DR1, DR3 and DR15. DQ1 showed the highest frequency and followed by DQ3 and DQ2.

Conclusions: These results showed considerable heterogeneity in both HLA class I and class II antigens, which reflects recent admixture of this group with neighboring Middle East populations.

Keywords: HLA typing, Prevalence, Iranian kidneys transplant patients

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

In a retrospective cross sectional study, HLA typing was defined in 512 kidney transplant recipients, 67% of them were male, and 33% were female, from different transplant center of Tehran, Iran between 2008 and 2011. The results suggest that both class I and class II polymorphisms of the study subjects depict considerable heterogeneity, which reflects recent admixture of this group with neighboring middle east populations.

Please cite this paper as: Einollahi B, Rostami Z, Teimoori M. Human leukocyte antigen variation among Iranian renal transplant recipients . J Nephropathology. 2012; 1(3): 164-169.DOI: 10.5812/nephropathol.8114

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ePublished: 01 Oct 2012
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