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J Nephropathol. 2013;2(4): 254-257.
doi: 10.12860/JNP.2013.40
PMID: 24475458
PMCID: PMC3891129
Scopus ID: 84877956897
  Abstract View: 1601
  PDF Download: 882

Original Article

Association of serum calcium with level of blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients

Saeed Behradmanesh 1, Hamid Nasri 2

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension and diabetes are two common diseases and they affect the same major target organs. Objectives: In this study, we sought to investigate the probable association of serum calcium with levels of systolic and blood pressure in a group of type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients.

Patients and Methods: A total of 60 patients with T2D were enrolled to the study. To determine serum creatinine, calcium and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), venous blood samples were obtained in the fasting state.

Results: Among 60 participants, 56.7% were female. Mean of ages was 57±8.3 years. Mean of systolic and diastolic blood pressure were 133±13 mmHg and 84±7.4 mmHg, respectively. Mean of serum calcium was 9.0±0.4 mg/dl. In this study, there was no significant difference of serum calcium and HbA1c between males and females. A significant inverse correlation of serum calcium with level of diastolic blood pressure (r= -0.261, p=0.046) was seen (adjusted for duration of diabetes). Moreover, a negative correlation of systolic blood pressure with level of serum calcium was existed, however, this correlation was not significant (r= -0.232, p=0.080) [adjusted for duration of diabetes].

Conclusions: We found a significant inverse correlation of serum calcium with level of diastolic blood pressure. We propose to more attention to serum calcium during the treatment of hypertension in diabetic patients.

Keywords: Hypertension, Type 2 diabetes, Calcium

  Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

A significant inverse correlation of serum calcium with level of diastolic blood pressure in a group of diabetic patients in our study, imply to more attention to serum calcium during the treatment of hypertension in diabetic patients.

Please cite this paper as: Behradmanesh S, Nasri H. Association of serum calcium with level of blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients. J Nephropathology. 2013; 2(4): 254-257, DOI: 10.12860/JNP.2013.4

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Revision: 29 Sep 2012
ePublished: 01 Oct 2013
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