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J Nephropathol. 2017;6(1): 30-42.
doi: 10.15171/jnp.2017.06
PMID: 28042551
PMCID: PMC5106880
Scopus ID: 84992415392
  Abstract View: 2224
  PDF Download: 814

Original Article

Incidence and mortality of kidney cancers, and human development index in Asia; a matter of concern

Masoumeh Arabsalmani 1, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani 2, Mahshid Ghoncheh 3, Fatemeh Hadadian 4, Farhad Towhidi 5, Kamran Vafaee 5, Hamid Salehiniya 6,7 *

1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2 Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of public health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
5 Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
6 Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
7 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, school of public health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding author: Hamid Salehiniya: alesaleh70@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: The incidence and mortality of kidney cancer have steadily increased by 2%- 3% per decade worldwide, and an increased risk of kidney cancer has been observed in many Asian countries. The information on the incidence and mortality of a disease and its distribution is essential for better planning for prevention and further studies.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the incidence and mortality of kidney cancer and their correlation with the human development index (HDI) in Asia.

Materials and Methods: This ecological study was based on GLOBOCAN data Asia for assessment the correlation between age-specific incidence rate (ASIR) and age-specific mortality rate (ASMR) with HDI and its details that include life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling and gross national income (GNI) per capita. We use of correlation bivariate method for assessment the correlation between ASIR and ASMR with HDI and its components.

Results: A total of 121 099 kidney cancer cases were recorded in Asian countries in 2012.Overall, 80 080 cases (66.12%) were males. Sex ratio was 1.95. The three countries with the highest number of new patients were china (66 466 cases), Japan (16 830 cases), India(9658 cases), respectively. Positive correlation were seen between HDI and ASIR of kidney cancer 0.655 (P = 0.001), and HDI and ASMR of kidney cancer 0.285 (P = 0.055).

Conclusions: A positive relationship between ASIR and the HDI was seen. The relationship is due to risk factors in countries with high development such as older age, smoking, hypertension, obesity, and diet. However, ASMR showed no significant relationship with HDI.

Keywords: Kidney cancer, Human development index, Incidence, Mortality, Asia

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

The result of this article can help policy-makers and health managers to find the cause of the incidence and mortality of kidney cancer in Asia. This study provides information on the incidence and mortality of the cancer and its distribution in terms of geographical areas, so it provides information for better planning for prevention and further studies. Increasing public awareness of the cancer risk factors is a high priority in low development country.

Please cite this paper as: Arabsalmani M, Mohammadian-Hafshejani A, Ghoncheh M, Hadadian F, Towhidi F, Vafaee K, et al. Incidence and mortality of kidney cancers, and human development index in Asia; a matter of concern. J Nephropathol. 2017;6(1):30-42. DOI: 10.15171/jnp.2017.06.

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ePublished: 07 Aug 2016
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