Background: Diabetes is the leading cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide.
Objectives: We compared the clinical outcomes in diabetic patients on hemodialysis (HD) with non-diabetics.
Patients and Methods: Adult maintenance HD patients (N= 532) from 9 HD facilities were enrolled to this prospective cohort study in September 2012. Causes of death, hospitalization, and HD exit were recorded in a median 28 months follow up period.
Results. Forty-one percent of patients were diabetic. Diabetic patients compared to non-diabetics had significantly higher age (62.2 ± 11.2 versus 53.1 ± 16.7 years), lower dialysis duration (median: 23 versus 30 months), more cardiovascular comorbidities (64% versus 28%) , higher C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (median: 3.80 versus 2.25 mg/L), lower serum albumin (3.86 ± 0.35 versus 3.93 ± 0.35 g/dL), lower intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) (median: 272 versus 374 ρg/mL), higher serum triglyceride (167 ± 91 versus 139 ± 67 mg/dL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) (82.5 ± 24.5 versus 77.5 ± 23.8 mg/dL), and worse short form health survey (SF36) score (45.7 ± 20.9 versus 52.7 ± 20.5). Annual admission rate was higher in diabetics (median: 0.86 versus 0.43) and diabetic foot involved 16% of their admissions. Transplantation rate was 4 and 9 per 100 patient years in diabetics and non-diabetics, respectively. Death rate was two folds higher in diabetics (24 versus 12 per 100 patient years). Cardiovascular diseases ( ± infections/other causes) comprised 80.5% of death in diabetics and 54.5% in non-diabetics. In Cox regression proportional hazard multivariate analysis, hazard risk of death in diabetics was 1.9 times higher than non-diabetics.
Conclusions: Clinical outcomes and health related quality of life (HRQOL) are much worse in diabetic compared to non-diabetic HD patients mainly due to more frequent of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).