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J Nephropathol. 2022;11(1): e8.
doi: 10.34172/jnp.2022.08
  Abstract View: 45
  PDF Download: 16

Original Article

The effect of pelvic floor muscles training, bladder exercises and lifestyle modification on urinary incontinence in elderly men

Hossein Jafarizadeh 1 ORCID logo, Zahra Maghsoudi 2 ORCID logo, Farideh Namadi 1 ORCID logo, Yousef Mohammadpour 3 ORCID logo, Yaser Moradi 1 * ORCID logo

1 Patient Safety Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
*Corresponding author: Yaser Moradi, Email: yasermoradi1045@yahoo.com, moradi.y@umsu.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Urinary incontinence is one of the causes of the dependence of the elderly on others and is one of the main reasons for sending the elderly to care centers.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of behavioral interventions program on urinary incontinence in the elderly.

Patients and Methods: In this quasi-experimental clinical trial (without a control group), 30 elderly men with acute urinary incontinence were selected from elderly care centers in Urmia city using the available sampling method. The intervention included pelvic floor and bladder exercises and lifestyle modification training, individually. The standard ICIQ-SF questionnaire was completed before and after the intervention. The data were analyzed by paired t-test and Wilcoxon tests.

Results: The findings showed a statistically significant difference between urinary leakage frequency (P= 0.002), urinary leakage rate (P=0.001) and the effect of urinary leakage on the quality of life (P < 0.001) of the subjects before and after the intervention.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that a combination of the pelvic floor and bladder exercises and lifestyle change are effective in decreasing urinary incontinence in elderly men.

Trial Registration: The trial protocol was registered in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (identifier: IRCT20180808040742N2; https://en.irct.ir/trial/43204, ethical code #IR.UMSU.REC.1391.31).


Keywords: Urinary incontinence, Aging, Behavioral interventions

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

In a clinical trial on 30 elderly men with acute urinary incontinence, we found that a combination of the pelvic floor and bladder exercises and lifestyle change are effective in decreasing urinary incontinence in elderly men.

Please cite this paper as: Jafarizadeh H, Maghsoudi Z, Namadi F, Mohammadpour Y, Moradi Y. The effect of pelvic floor muscles training, bladder exercises and lifestyle modification on urinary incontinence in elderly men. J Nephropathol. 2022;11(1):e08. DOI: 10.34172/ jnp.2022.08.

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Submitted: 07 Mar 2020
Accepted: 02 Jun 2020
ePublished: 09 Jun 2020
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