Background: The histologic pattern causing nephrotic syndrome (NS) and their clinical outcome varies depending on age, sex, race, socioeconomic status and geographic location. There has been a changing trend in the histologic spectrum of NS in the last few decades, in India as well as worldwide.
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to see the histologic spectrum of adult NS in our institution and to compare it with data from other centers.
Patients and Methods: All adults (≥ 18 years) with nephrotic range proteinuria who underwent renal biopsy from August 2012 to February 2015, were consecutively included in this prospective study. NS caused by diabetes and other secondary glomerular diseases were excluded.
Results: Eighty (65.4%) patients were males and 42 (34.4%) were females. The median age at the time of biopsy was 36 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 24.8–45). The most common lesions were minimal change disease (MCD) in 40.2%, membranous nephropathy (MN) in 24.6% and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in 16.4% of the patients. MCD was observed mostly commonly in the age group 18-35 years and MN was seen mostly
commonly in age group 36-55 years.
Conclusions: MCD still continues to be leading cause of NS in south Indian adults as evidenced from previous studies from this region. Other common causes include MN and FSGS. The incidence of MPGN is on the decline.